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The Panama Canal
The U.S. Military in Panama
End of an Era
U.S. Military Regional Activities
Panama The Country
Related Web Sites and Literature

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The United States transfers ownership of the Panama Canal and ends its military presence in Panama.

The In Retrospect Web site is intended to initially document, as an overview, the history of the U.S. military presence in Panama before it is rewritten (which I suspect is being attempted) or forgotton, now that the last few of some 10,000 military personnel have left Panama and the Panama Canal is under new ownership as of noon on the last day of the 20th Century.

It is also intended as a salute to all those who have served in Panama over the years -- military and civilian; in the Armed Forces and the Panama Canal organization; they all have contributed in leaving an marked imprint here.

This site will chart you on a course through history from the building of the Panama Canal, the 95-year U.S. military presence on the Isthmus of Panama, and, through future additions to this site, U.S. military activities in supporting democracy and regional security cooperation throughout the region.

The views expressed in the various sections of this Web site are those of William Ormsbee unless otherwise noted and do not necessarily reflect official policy or position of the Department of Defense or any other agencies of the U.S. Government.

In Retrospect is best viewed with Microsoft® Internet Explorer 4.0 or higher. Recommended screen resolution is 1024 X 768.

Designed, developed, and maintained by Brian Ormsbee.